WELCOME TO CHATEAU DU MER BEACH RESORT

If this is your first time in my site, welcome! Chateau Du Mer is a beach resort with a beach house and conference Hall. The beach house could now accommodate 10 guests, six in the main floor and four in the first floor( air conditioned room). In addition, you can now reserve your vacation dates ahead and pay the rental fees via PayPal. I hope to see you soon in Marinduque- Home of the Morions and Heart of the Philippines. The photo above was taken during our first Garden Wedding ceremony at The Chateau Du Mer Gardens. You can now read the national and international news in this blog at the right side bar. I have also posted my favorite Filipino and American dishes and recipes in this site. Some of the photos and videos on this site, I do not own, but I have no intention on the infringement of your copyrights!

Marinduque Mainland from Tres Reyes Islands

Marinduque Mainland from Tres Reyes Islands
View of Marinduque Mainland from Tres Reyes Islands-Click on photo to link to Marinduque Awaits You

Friday, December 6, 2013

Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls(CMC) of NDA's


The other day, my wife asked me a what if question. She ask that if I have a chance and be granted a wish, would I be willing to take back my job as a Chemistry Team Leader for the Food and Drug Administration since my mind is still sharp. Without hesitation I said no and explained to her about the two facets of my responsibilities as a first line supervisor in charge of the Chemistry, Manufacturing and Control requirements for a New Drug Application (NDA) in the Division of Anti-Infective Drug Products.

The first facet is my interaction with Chemists and Reviewers under my supervision and from other Divisions. I will have no problem handling that today. The second facet is my interaction with the representatives of the Pharmaceutical companies that FDA regulates. This facet requires up to date knowledge of laws, regulations and Guidances. Today, I feel I will not be as sharp and well-prepared to this part of my responsibilities if I am still a Chemistry Team Leader for FDA. There are 43 CMC Guidances that a team leader should know by heart and mind. At this stage of my life, I believe I will not be able to handle the pressure and responsibilities on this facet of a team leader job.

In my previous posting, I discuss a general overview of new drug development(NDA) and FDA's role in the process. In this article I am focusing on the Chemistry portion of a new drug application which was my expertise when I was still working for FDA from September,1990 up to October,2002. I am listing below a table of all CMC Guidances both in draft and final form. As a former Chemistry team leader in the Division of Anti-Infectives Drug Products in the Center of New Drugs Chemistry, I have some input on the contents of a few of these guidances. These 43 guidances are available in the Internet for everyone.

Below is a table of Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls (CMC) Guidances showing,
category, title status( draft or final) and date.

1. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Analytical Procedures and Methods Validation (PDF - 91KB)1 Draft Guidance 08/30/00

2. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Assay Development for Immunogenicity Testing of Therapeutic Proteins (PDF - 161KB)2 Draft Guidance 12/04/09

3. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Botanical Drug Products (PDF - 437KB)3 Final Guidance 06/01/04

4. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Changes to an Approved Application for Specified Biotechnology and Specified Synthetic Biological Products (PDF - 33KB)4 Final Guidance 07/01/97

5. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Changes to an Approved NDA or ANDA (PDF - 108KB)5 Final Guidance 04/01/04

6. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Changes to an Approved NDA or ANDA: Questions and Answers (PDF - 35KB)6 Final Guidance 01/01/01

7. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Changes to an Approved NDA or ANDA; Specifications – Use of Enforcement Discretion for Compendial Changes (PDF - 18KB)7 Final Guidance 11/19/04

8. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) CMC Postapproval Manufacturing Changes Reportable in Annual Reports (PDF - 78KB)8 Draft Guidance 06/24/10

9. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Comparability Protocols -- Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information (PDF - 240KB)9 Draft Guidance 02/25/03

10. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Container Closure Systems for Packaging Human Drugs and Biologics (PDF - 164KB)10 Final Guidance 05/01/99

11.Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Container Closure Systems for
Packaging Human Drugs and Biologics -- Questions and Answers (PDF - 15KB)11 Final Guidance 05/01/02

12. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Demonstration of Comparability of Human Biological Products, Including Therapeutic Biotechnology-derived Products12 Final Guidance 04/01/96

13, Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Development of New Stereoisomeric Drugs13 Final Guidance 05/01/92

14. Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls (CMC) Drug Master Files (DMFs)14 Additional Information regarding DMF's

15. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Drug Master Files for Bulk Antibiotic Drug Substances (PDF - 23KB)15 Final Guidance 11/01/99

16. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Drugs, Biologics, and Medical Devices Derived from Bioengineered Plants for Use in Humans and Animals (PDF - 88KB) Draft Guidance 09/11/02

17. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Environmental Assessment of Human Drug and Biologics Applications (PDF - 188KB)17 Final Guidance 07/01/98

18. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Format and Content for the CMC Section of an Annual Report (PDF - 29KB)18 Final Guidance 09/01/94

19. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Incorporation of Physical-Chemical Identifiers into Solid Oral Dosage Form Drug Products for Anticounterfeiting (PDF - 79KB)19 Draft Guidance 07/14/09

20. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) INDs for Phase 2 and Phase 3 Studies Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information (PDF - 193KB)20 Final Guidance 05/20/03

21. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) IND Meetings for Human Drugs and Biologics Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information (PDF - 30KB)21 Final Guidance 05/01/01

22. Guidance for Industry: Interpreting Sameness of Monoclonal Antibody Products Under the Orphan Drug Regulations (PDF - 26KB)22

23. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Liposome Drug Products: Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls; Human Pharmacokinetics and Bioavailability; and Labeling Documentation (PDF - 45KB)23 Draft Guidance 08/21/02

24. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Monoclonal Antibodies Used as Reagents in Drug Manufacturing (PDF - 29KB)24 Final Guidance 03/01/01

25. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) and Dry Powder Inhaler (DPI) Drug Products (PDF - 361KB)25 Draft Guidance 11/19/98

26. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Nasal Spray and Inhalation Solution, Suspension, and Drug Products (PDF - 116KB)26 Final Guidance 07/01/02

27. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) NDAs: Impurities in Drug Substances (PDF - 11KB)27 Final Guidance 02/01/00

28. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Orally Disintegrating Tablets (PDF - 52KB)28 Final Guidance 12/17/08

29. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) PAC-ATLS: Postapproval Changes - Analytical Testing Laboratory Sites (PDF - 76KB)29 Final Guidance 04/28/98

30. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Residual Drug in Transdermal and Related Drug Delivery Systems (PDF - 44KB)30 Draft Guidance 08/02/10

31. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Residual Solvents in Drug Products Marketed in the United States (PDF - 52KB)31 Final Guidance 11/24/09

32. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Reviewer Guidance, Validation of Chromatographic Methods (PDF - 703KB)32 Final Guidance 11/01/94

33. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Size of Beads in Drug Products Labeled for Sprinkle (PDF - 43KB)33 Draft Guidance 01/18/11

34. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Submitting Documentation for the Manufacturing of and Controls for Drug Products (PDF - 1048KB)34 Final Guidance 02/01/87

35. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Guidelines for Submitting Samples and Analytical Data for Methods Validation Final Guidance 02/01/87

36. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Submitting Supporting Documentation in Drug Applications for the Manufacture of Drug Substances (PDF - 94KB)36 Final Guidance 02/01/87

37. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-IR: Immediate-Release Solid Oral Dosage Forms: Scale-Up and Post-Approval Changes: Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls, In Vitro Dissolution Testing, and In Vivo Bioequivalence Documentation (PDF - 60KB)37 Final Guidance 11/01/95

38. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-IR Questions and Answers about SUPAC-IR Guidance38 Final Guidance 02/18/97

39. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-IR/MR: Immediate Release and Modified Release Solid Oral Dosage Forms Manufacturing Equipment Addendum (PDF - 117KB)39 Final Guidance 01/01/99

40. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-MR: Modified Release Solid Oral Dosage Forms Scale-Up and Postapproval Changes: Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls; In Vitro Dissolution Testing and In Vivo Bioequivalence Documentation (PDF - 215KB)40 Final Guidance 10/06/97

41. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-SS: Nonsterile Semisolid Dosage Forms Manufacturing Equipment Addendum (PDF - 61KB)41 Draft Guidance 12/01/98

42. Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) SUPAC-SS: Nonsterile Semisolid Dosage Forms; Scale-Up and Post-Approval Changes: Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls; In Vitro Release Testing and In Vivo Bioequivalence Documentation (PDF - 118KB)42 Final Guidance 05/01/97

43. Guidance for Industry - The Sourcing and Processing of Gelatin to Reduce the Potential Risk Posed by Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in FDA-Regulated Products for Human Use The Sourcing and Processing of Gelatin to Reduce the Potential Risk Posed by Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in FDA-Regulated Products for Human Use 09/01/97

Note: As a Chemistry Team Leader, you need to be familiar with contents of these 43 Guidances, so when representatives from the Pharmaceutical firms ask you a question, you should be able to refer them to the guidance. If you can answer their question
without referring to the guidance, the firm's representative look at you with high regard and respect. It is therefore imperative that you know most of the important requirements for an New Drug application (NDA) submission as well as the post NDA requirements in the manufacture, chemistry and controls of an Investigational New Drug (IND) or NDA. A Guidance is not a Federal Regulation/Law. The 21CFR (Code of Federal Regulation), gives FDA mandate to enforce drug and food laws in US.

Source: www.fda.gov
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